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Les Marchés Publics de Montréal
June 8, 2022

An orchard in your backyard

All news An orchard in your backyard

  1. The tree you purchased must be transported in a vehicle with a sealed cargo area to protect it from drying out.
  2. Dig a hole with a diameter 30 cm greater than the tree’s root ball and 30 cm deeper than its height. Half the space on which the root ball sits must be loosened existing soil, to which you have added an equal thickness of planting mix.
  3. Remove the plastic container or wrapper covering the tree’s root system.
  4. Place the tree in the hole so that its crown – the part where the roots meet the trunk – is at the same level as the surrounding soil surface. You can use the handle of your spade to ensure that the upper part of the root ball, where the crown is located, is at the same level as the existing soil.
  5. Next, add planting mix around the root ball in a series of 15-cm layers, taking care to lightly compact each layer with your hands. The mix must be made up of two parts existing soil mixed with one part compost. Don’t forget to add a handful or two of mycorrhiza fungus for trees and shrubs.
  6. Stabilize the tree using a metal stake placed in the ground on the side of the prevailing winds. Tie the stake to the tree about two thirds of the way up the trunk. To prevent injury, put the stake in the ground with a tool called a stake driver – a tube with two handles.
  7. Lastly, pile soil around the base of the tree in a raised ring to help retain water in the months after planting. This basin should have a diameter equivalent to that of the hole you originally dug and be about 10 cm high. Water generously once a week. 

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